Harike Wetland also known as "Hari-ke-Pattan", with the Harike Lake in the deeper part of it, is the largest wetland in northern India in the border of Tarn Taran Sahib district and Ferozepur district of the Punjab state in India. The wetland and the lake were formed by constructing the headworks across the Sutlej river in 1953. The headworks is located downstream of the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej rivers just south of Harike village. The rich biodiversity of the wetland which plays a vital role in maintaining the precious hydrological balance in the catchment with its vast concentration of migratory fauna of waterfowls including a number of globally threatened species (stated to be next only to the Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur) has been responsible for the recognition accorded to this wetland in 1990, by the Ramsar Convention, as one of the Ramasar sites in India, for conservation, development and preservation of the ecosystem
: District Tarn Taran, Ferozepur & Kapurthala
: District Tarn Taran, Ferozepur & Kapurthala
: 31.12873
: 74.97348
: 218.83m above MSL
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: 24 terrestrial and 14 aquatic taxa including Najas, Hydrilla, Ipomoea, Azolla sp., Potamogeton, Vallisneria etc.
: 16 Taxa (72 species) of Fishes, 6 Taxa of Frogs and toads, 7 species of Turtles (including IUCN Redlist Testudines Turtles), 13 species of Mammals (including Smooth Indian Otter and Indus River Dolphin), 391 species (59% Migratory) of Birds and 4 species of Snakes.

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Historical Importance

The presence of many Gurudwaras in the vicinity of the Wetland gives testimony to the legend that on the advice of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the sacred Rabab was taken by Mardana from Bharoana. Gurudwara Rabasar Sahib, Gurudwara Ishar dham etc are some of the well known gurudwaras. test
Flight of Coots at Harike Wildlife Sanctuary.
Flight of Barheaded Goose at Harike Wildlife Sanctuary
Pied Kingfisher at Harike Wildlife Sanctuary
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