Conservation Reserves

Kali Bein Conservation Reserve

The Kali Bein is one of the most important fresh water rivulet of Punjab having total length of 160 Km as it starts in Hoshiapur District and flows via Kapurthala district through Sultanpur Lodhi and Mergers as Harike Wetland. Kanjli Wetland is also the part of Kali Bein Conservation Reserve in Kapurthala district which was created by the construction of barrage on Kali Bein at Kanjli village in 1870 by Maharaja of Kapurthala. The construction of barrages results the formation of water reservoir which ultimately resulted the formation of Kanjli Wetland (183 Ha.) is the host of good population of migratory birds.

: Kapurthala
: Subhanpur-Kapurthala-Sultanpur Road approx. 6 Km. from District Headquarter Kapurthala
: 520.824 Acre
Status of Land
: Government
Important Fauna
Sanbar, Hog Deer, Neel Gai, Jackal, Spectabled Cobra, Wild Boar, Spot billed duck, Gadwal, Knob billed duck, Mallard, Common moorhen, Little cormorant, White throated kingfisher, Spotted owled, Gray headed swamphen, Common teal, Black crowned night heron, yellow footed pigeon, Red naped ibis etc.
Important Flora
Twelve varieties of trees recorded in the wetland are Acacia arabica, Albizia lebbeck, Azadirachta indica, Dalbergia sissoo, Eucalyptus hybrid, Ficus bengalensis, Mangifera indica, Melia azedarach, Morus alba, Prosopis juliflora, Syzygium cumini and Ziziphus mauritiana. Shrubs recorded are: Calotropis procera, Ipomoea crassicaulis and Tamarix dioca. Herbs noted are Saccharum spontaneum, Tripidium bengalense (synonym Saccharum munja), Scirpus sp. and other common herbs. 11 species of aquaflora, 34 species of zooplankton and 15 species of macro invertebrates have been reported.

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