Wildlife Sanctuaries

Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary

Bir Gurdialpura wildlife Sanctuary falls in the jurisdiction of Patiala Forest Division (Wildlife), in the tehsil Samana of Patiala district. The area lies between 76 10’ E to 76 15’ E longitude and 30 00’ N to 30 05’ N Latitude of the Survey of India toposheet number 53 B/4 (Scale 1”= 1 mile). Total area of Bir is 1533 acres (620.53 hectares). It falls in the east of the state boundary adjoining Haryana. The River Gaggar critises the Sanctuary and divided into two dosimeter parts. There is no distinction between core and buffer area. The sanctuary comprises only 17% of total protected areas of Patiala Forest Division (3600.21 hac). The whole tract is plain and on its north, south and east, there are villages inhabiting mostly agricultural communities. Biogeographically, it falls in Indus plain zone of biogeography province -4A, the Punjab plains of Semi-Arid Zone (Rodgers and Panwar, 1988). Bir Gurdialpura WLS is approachable by bus only. It is about 15 Km from Samana, the Tehsil headquarter and approx 45 km from Patiala the Distt Headquarter. Both the private and govt. buses are available to reach the sanctuary from Samana as well as Patiala.

: Patiala
: 45 km. from Patiala city and 15 km from Samana on Patiala – Samana road
: 620.53 Hectare
Status of Land
: Government
Important Fauna
Main wildlife species found in the sanctuary are Blue bull, Hog deer, Hare, Jungle cat, Jackal, Rhesus Monkeys, Peafowl, Black and Grey Partridges, Dove and Spotted owlet.
Important Flora
As per forest classification of Champion and Seth, the forests in the sanctuary falls under the sub- group 5(B) Northern Tropical Dry Mixed deciduous forest type. The main tree species are Kikkar, Phalahi, Reru, Safeda, Neem, Prosopis juliflora, Acacia nilotica, Delbergia sissoo, Albizia lebbeck etc.

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